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The Art of Recovery: Strategies for Replenishing Your Reservoir of Health and Energy

Updated: Apr 26, 2023

Key Points

  • Incorporating nature into daily life can improve well-being and reduce stress.

  • Taking micro-breaks throughout the workday can increase productivity and happiness.

  • Engaging in recovery activities that suit individual preferences can promote resilience and well-being.

  • Modifying physical and social environments to support stress recovery can create a healthier lifestyle.

  • Reframing stress as an opportunity for growth and prioritizing stress recovery can improve mental and physical health and overall life satisfaction.

  • The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in the emergence of Post Pandemic Stress Disorder (PPSD), which shares similarities with PTSD.

  • Mental health professionals and health care workers have been significantly affected by the pandemic, with increased rates of mental health conditions.

  • The general population has also experienced heightened stress and anxiety due to the pandemic.

  • Coping strategies for post-pandemic stress include psychological detachment, relaxation techniques, exercise, time in nature, and building resilience.

  • Slowing down and prioritizing relaxation through practices such as deep breathing, meditation, and gratitude can lead to numerous benefits, including improved mental and emotional well-being, better sleep quality, and increased resilience.

art piece of a woman drawn in acrylic paint. wild hair orange green and blue. image of anxiety representing stress

Understanding the Post Pandemic Stress Effect on Mental Health

In today's fast-paced world, pandemic stress has become an ever-present companion in our lives. The COVID-19 pandemic was a mass trauma lasting more than a year of our lives. The importance of stress recovery for maintaining our physical and mental health cannot be overstated. This article will explore the building blocks of a wide range of strategies for stress recovery, including psychological detachment, relaxation techniques, exercise, time in nature, and more. By incorporating these coping mechanisms into our daily lives, we can replenish our reservoir of health and energy, improve our well-being, and enhance our resilience against stress and other symptoms.

The Emergence of Post Pandemic Stress Disorder (PPSD)

The traumatic event of the COVID-19 pandemic has given rise to a new form of mental disorders, specifically post pandemic stress disorder (PPSD). This disorder shares similarities with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as both result from experiencing a traumatic event. The World Health Organization recognizes the severity of the impact of the pandemic on mental health conditions, including PPSD.

PPSD, like PTSD, may present with symptoms such as anxiety symptoms, depression symptoms, and severe stress. In the wake of the pandemic, healthcare workers, essential workers, and young adults have been disproportionately affected by PPSD due to their frontline roles and increased exposure to pandemic-related stress. These individuals may experience physical symptoms, depressive symptoms, and traumatic stress as a result of their experiences during the pandemic.

The Strain on Mental Health Professionals and Health Care Workers

Mental health professionals and health care workers have been on the frontlines of the pandemic, providing essential services and support to hospitalized patients and the general public. The increased demand for their services has led to a significant rise in their own mental health conditions, such as generalized anxiety disorder and depression. The high workload, coupled with the constant exposure to traumatic events, has increased the risk of mental illness among health care workers and mental health professionals. The constant use of personal protective equipment, long working hours, and witnessing the suffering of patients have contributed to the psychological distress experienced by healthcare workers. The strain on health care workers has also been exacerbated by the nervous system's response to the traumatic event of the pandemic, resulting in heightened stress levels.

Post-Pandemic Stress in the General Population

The coronavirus pandemic has had far-reaching consequences for mental health, with a higher percentage of the general population experiencing increased anxiety and stress levels over the past year. The severity of COVID-19, the threat of serious injury or death, concerns about personal safety, and the need for social distancing and wearing masks have all contributed to heightened stress. For some, this stress has developed into a full-blown stress disorder, similar to other disorders caused by threatened death or experiences like sexual abuse.

Coping Strategies for Post-Pandemic Stress

To address the growing prevalence of post-pandemic stress disorder and its effects on mental health, several coping strategies have been recommended by mental health professionals and the World Health Organization. These strategies aim to mitigate the impact of pandemic stress on individuals and help them build resilience against future stressors.

The Bucket of Health and Energy

Stress is akin to a leak in our "bucket" of health and energy. The COVID-19 pandemic has only exacerbated stress levels for many individuals. To address and manage stress, the Bucket Theory of Stress, introduced by Dr. Donald O. Clifton in the 1960s, is a useful model. This theory posits that each person carries an invisible bucket representing their emotional and mental state. By examining the theory's origins and identifying ways to maintain full buckets, we can better manage stress.

The Bucket Theory of Stress: Origins and Founders

Dr. Donald O. Clifton, a psychologist and professor at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, first proposed the Bucket Theory of Stress. He suggested that everyone has an invisible bucket symbolizing their emotional and mental state, which can be affected by daily stressors. The theory gained broader recognition after Clifton's son, Tom Rath, co-authored "How Full Is Your Bucket? Positive Strategies for Work and Life" in 2004, emphasizing the significance of positive interactions in filling people's buckets.

Stress Recovery and the Bucket Theory of Stress

Stress can be likened to a leak in our bucket of health and energy. Encountering daily stressors depletes our physical and mental resources, resulting in increased anxiety. To prevent the bucket from emptying, engaging in stress recovery activities is crucial. Such activities help restore emotional and physiological balance, enabling better coping with future stressors.

Psychological Detachment: Traumatic Event Recovery

One essential component of stress recovery is psychological detachment, which refers to the process of mentally disengaging from work and other stressors during non-work hours. Creating a mental buffer between ourselves and stressors helps alleviate the strain on our minds and bodies, promoting recuperation and well-being. Achieving psychological detachment can be accomplished through various means, including leisure activities, hobbies, or simply spending quality time with loved ones.

The Importance of Psychological Detachment

According to research, psychological detachment is crucial for maintaining a healthy work-life balance and reducing stress levels. A study by Sonnentag, Binnewies, and Mojza (2008) found that employees who reported higher levels of psychological detachment from work experienced increased life satisfaction and reduced emotional exhaustion. This study emphasizes the importance of disconnecting from work-related stressors to foster mental and emotional recovery.

Another study by Etzion, Eden, and Lapidot (1998) discovered that psychological detachment played a vital role in reducing burnout and increasing job satisfaction among employees. Their findings highlighted the significance of disengaging from work to maintain overall well-being and productivity.

Ways to Foster Psychological Detachment

Leisure Activities: Engaging in leisure activities that are enjoyable and require little cognitive effort, such as watching a movie, reading a book, or taking a walk, can help promote psychological detachment. These activities provide a necessary break from work-related thoughts, enabling the mind to recharge (Sonnentag & Fritz, 2007).

Hobbies: Pursuing hobbies or creative outlets, such as painting, gardening, or playing a musical instrument, can help individuals detach from work and redirect their focus towards personal interests. Hobbies stimulate the mind in different ways, promoting relaxation and mental rejuvenation.

Mindfulness Meditation: Practicing mindfulness meditation can aid in achieving psychological detachment by fostering present-moment awareness and reducing rumination on work-related stressors (Hülsheger, Alberts, Feinholdt, & Lang, 2013).

Social Connections: Spending time with loved ones or friends can encourage psychological detachment by redirecting attention to personal relationships and fostering emotional support. Strong social connections have been associated with improved mental health and reduced stress levels (Cohen & Wills, 1985).

Psychological detachment is a crucial aspect of stress recovery, allowing individuals to disconnect from work and other stressors during non-work hours. By creating mental space and engaging in leisure activities, hobbies, mindfulness meditation, or spending time with loved ones, we can reduce the strain on our minds and bodies, promoting recovery and overall well-being.

Slow Things Down

In today's fast-paced society, where constant motion and productivity often take precedence, it is crucial to recognize the importance of slowing down and focusing on relaxation. Techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, and progressive muscle relaxation, as outlined in Dr. Herbert Benson's book "The Relaxation Response" (1975), can help alleviate tension and foster a sense of calm. By reducing stress, these practices can improve mental and emotional well-being, as well as contribute to the prevention of stress-related health issues.

Engaging in relaxation techniques can also lead to improved focus and mental clarity. Jon Kabat-Zinn's book "Full Catastrophe Living" (1990) introduces the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program, which incorporates mindfulness meditation and other relaxation practices to help individuals better manage stress, pain, and illness. This increased awareness can help people respond more effectively to daily challenges and make better decisions.

Furthermore, relaxation practices can contribute to better sleep quality by calming the mind and body, making it easier to fall asleep and stay asleep, as highlighted by Morin et al. (2006). Adequate sleep is essential for overall health, cognitive function, and emotional well-being.

Building resilience by strengthening our ability to cope with stress and adversity is another significant benefit of incorporating relaxation techniques into our lives. In their book "The Power of Resilience: Achieving Balance, Confidence, and Personal Strength in Your Life" (2004), Dr. Robert Brooks and Dr. Sam Goldstein explore the concept of resilience and offer practical strategies for building resilience, including relaxation techniques, to help individuals thrive in the face of adversity. This increased resilience can lead to greater emotional stability and reduced vulnerability to stress-related disorders.

By embracing stillness and prioritizing relaxation, we can promote overall well-being and thrive in our fast-paced world. Dr. Herbert Benson and Dr. William Proctor's book "Relaxation Revolution: The Science and Genetics of Mind-Body Healing" (2010) delves into the science behind the relaxation response and its potential to promote healing and overall well-being. Therefore, incorporating relaxation techniques into our daily lives, such as deep breathing, meditation, and progressive muscle relaxation, can lead to numerous benefits, enabling us to navigate the challenges of modern life with greater ease and resilience.

Five Daily Practices to Slow Down and Embrace Mindfulness

  1. Mindful Breathing: Take a few minutes each day to practice mindful breathing. Focus on taking slow, deep breaths, inhaling through your nose and exhaling through your mouth. This simple practice can help you feel more grounded and present in the moment.

  2. Limit Screen Time: Set aside specific periods of the day to disconnect from screens, such as smartphones, computers, and TVs. This break can help reduce mental clutter, allowing you to be more present and engaged in your surroundings.

  3. Enjoy a Leisurely Meal: Instead of rushing through meals, make a conscious effort to eat slowly and savor your food. Engage your senses by appreciating the flavors, textures, and aromas, turning mealtime into a relaxing and enjoyable experience.

  4. Practice Gratitude: Spend a few minutes each day reflecting on the positive aspects of your life. Write down or mentally list things you are grateful for, fostering a mindset of appreciation and contentment.

  5. Connect with Nature: Take a short walk outside or spend some time in a natural setting, such as a park or garden. Connecting with nature can help you feel more relaxed and grounded, providing a soothing break from the hustle and bustle of daily life.

Physical Health

Physical activity serves as a potent tool for stress reduction and overall well-being. Engaging in exercise has been scientifically proven to affect our body's chemistry positively, providing both immediate and long-term benefits. Exercise reduces the levels of the stress hormone cortisol while promoting the release of endorphins, the body's natural "feel-good" chemicals. By incorporating regular physical activity into our routines, we can recover from stress more effectively, improve overall health, and enhance our quality of life.

The Science Behind Exercise and Stress Reduction

Numerous studies have established a strong link between regular physical activity and reduced stress levels. A review by Salmon (2001) concluded that exercise could alleviate acute and chronic stress, improve mood, and even reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression. The study highlighted the role of exercise in enhancing the body's ability to cope with stress and recover from its effects.

Another study by Childs and de Wit (2014) demonstrated that moderate-intensity exercise could reduce cortisol levels and promote a more positive mood in healthy adults. This finding supports the idea that physical activity can directly impact our stress response and emotional well-being.

Long-Term Health Benefits of Regular Exercise

In addition to its stress-reduction capabilities, regular exercise provides numerous long-term health benefits. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), engaging in 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity per week can improve cardiovascular health, lower blood pressure, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes and some cancers.

Regular exercise has been linked to improved cognitive function and a reduced risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (Sofi et al., 2011). Physical activity also contributes to better sleep quality, weight management, and increased energy levels, further enhancing overall well-being.

Incorporating Exercise Into Daily Life

To reap the stress-reduction benefits and overall health improvements, it is essential to incorporate physical activity into our daily routines. Start slow any amount of exercise is helpful. Options for exercise can range from structured workout programs to everyday activities, such as walking, cycling, swimming, or dancing. It is crucial to choose activities that are enjoyable and sustainable to ensure long-term adherence.

Get in the Green

Spending time in nature has been consistently shown to promote relaxation and reduce stress. The soothing effects of natural environments can decrease our allostatic load – the cumulative wear and tear on our bodies from chronic stress – and improve our mood. Whether it's a walk in the park, a weekend hike, or simply sitting in a garden, immersing ourselves in nature can be a powerful tool for stress recovery and overall well-being.

Scientific Evidence of Nature's Stress-Reducing Effects

Numerous studies have explored the relationship between exposure to nature and stress reduction. A study conducted by Ulrich et al. (1991) found that hospital patients with views of nature had shorter postoperative stays, required less pain medication, and had fewer complications than those with views of a brick wall. This research suggests that simply observing natural elements can have a positive impact on well-being and recovery.

Another study by Kaplan (1995) introduced the Attention Restoration Theory (ART), which posits that exposure to natural environments can help restore our ability to focus and concentrate. According to ART, nature captures our attention in a gentle, non-demanding way, allowing our minds to recover from the constant stimulation and stress of modern life.

Furthermore, a study by Park et al. (2010) revealed that spending time in forests, compared to urban environments, led to lower cortisol levels, heart rate, and blood pressure, indicating reduced stress and enhanced relaxation.

Nature's Impact on Mental Health and Emotional Well-Being

In addition to reducing physiological stress markers, spending time in nature has been shown to improve mental health and emotional well-being. A review by Berman et al. (2012) concluded that exposure to nature can help alleviate symptoms of anxiety, depression, and negative mood, as well as enhance cognitive function and creativity.

Moreover, a study by Bratman et al. (2015) demonstrated that participants who took a 90-minute walk in a natural environment reported lower levels of rumination – the tendency to repetitively think about negative aspects of oneself – and showed reduced neural activity in an area of the brain associated with the risk for mental illness, compared to participants who walked in an urban setting.

Incorporating Nature Into Our Daily Lives

To harness the stress-reducing and restorative effects of nature, it is essential to incorporate green spaces and natural environments into our daily lives. This can be achieved through various activities, such as taking a walk in a nearby park during lunch breaks, participating in outdoor sports, or spending weekends exploring local trails and nature reserves.

Urban planning and architecture can also play a vital role in promoting access to nature. Creating more green spaces within cities, such as parks, community gardens, and rooftop gardens, can provide opportunities for residents to experience the numerous benefits of nature, even in densely populated areas.


Incorporating brief breaks throughout the workday can effectively recharge our mental and emotional batteries, helping us stay energized and focused. Micro-breaks, such as a five-minute walk or a short conversation with a colleague, can foster recovery and alleviate stress, ultimately boosting productivity and well-being.

In his insightful book, "When: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect Timing," author Daniel H. Pink explores the science behind the importance of breaks and their impact on our performance and satisfaction. Pink emphasizes that incorporating short, frequent pauses into our daily routines can enhance creativity, focus, and overall happiness.

By periodically stepping away from our work, even for just a few minutes, we allow ourselves the opportunity to regroup and replenish our energy reserves. These micro-breaks can take various forms, such as stretching, engaging in mindfulness exercises, or simply stepping outside for fresh air. These brief, restorative moments not only help us maintain mental clarity but also contribute to a healthier work-life balance.

Embracing the power of micro-breaks during the workday can lead to a more productive, satisfying, and stress-free work experience. By giving ourselves permission to pause and recharge, we can better navigate the demands of our professional lives and maintain a resilient, positive mindset in the face of daily challenges.

Recovery Activity Preference

When it comes to stress recovery activities, the key to success lies in tailoring them to our individual preferences and needs. By engaging in self-care practices that we genuinely enjoy and find meaningful, we are more likely to experience the full benefits of stress recovery, ultimately fostering greater resilience and well-being.

In the renowned book, "The Happiness Project: Or, Why I Spent a Year Trying to Sing in the Morning, Clean My Closets, Fight Right, Read Aristotle, and Generally Have More Fun," author Gretchen Rubin emphasizes the importance of discovering activities that bring genuine joy and satisfaction. Rubin's insights underscore the idea that self-care and stress recovery practices are most effective when they resonate with our unique interests and values.

By exploring various stress recovery activities and identifying those that truly resonate with us, we can create a personalized self-care routine that effectively reduces stress and enhances overall well-being. This might include practicing mindfulness meditation, connecting with loved ones, pursuing hobbies, or engaging in physical activity. The key is to find activities that align with our personal preferences, as these are the ones we are more likely to stick with and fully enjoy.

Embracing a personalized approach to stress recovery ensures that our self-care practices are both enjoyable and effective, ultimately helping us build resilience and better navigate the challenges of daily life. By dedicating time to activities that genuinely bring us joy and meaning, we invest in our long-term mental and emotional well-being.

Prioritizing High-Effort Recovery Activities

High-effort recovery activities, such as mastering a new skill or diving into a demanding hobby, might require more energy but can yield greater recovery benefits. These stimulating activities can enhance our resilience by expanding our capacity to manage stress and fostering the development of new coping strategies.

In the insightful book "Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance," author Angela Duckworth highlights the importance of embracing challenges and growth opportunities. By engaging in high-effort recovery activities, we not only foster personal development but also strengthen our ability to bounce back from stressors, ultimately promoting a healthier, more balanced life.


Something as simple as smiling can improve our mood and reduce stress and reduce negative emotions. By activating the muscles involved in positive facial expressions, we can trigger a cascade of physiological changes that improve well-being and reduce our allostatic load.

Stand Upright

Maintaining good posture can offer unexpected benefits for stress reduction and mood improvement. By standing or sitting upright, we can positively impact our stress response, fostering a sense of confidence and control.

In the enlightening book "Presence: Bringing Your Boldest Self to Your Biggest Challenges," author Amy Cuddy delves into the connection between posture and well-being. Cuddy emphasizes that proper alignment not only influences our physical health but also affects our emotional state, ultimately helping us navigate stress more effectively and feel more empowered in our daily lives.

Shape Your Environment for Optimal Recovery

Both our physical and social environments have a substantial impact on our stress levels and our potential for recovery. By consciously modifying our surroundings to support stress recovery, we can cultivate spaces that encourage relaxation, rejuvenation, and meaningful connections with others.

In their influential book, "The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up: The Japanese Art of Decluttering and Organizing," author Marie Kondō demonstrates how decluttering our physical environment can bring about a sense of calm and well-being. A well-organized, clutter-free space can reduce distractions and create a serene atmosphere, ultimately supporting stress recovery and relaxation.

Optimizing factors such as lighting and temperature can also significantly influence our stress levels and recovery potential. Research has shown that exposure to natural light during the day and maintaining a comfortable room temperature can improve mood, sleep quality, and overall well-being.

Additionally, nurturing supportive social connections plays a crucial role in stress recovery. By surrounding ourselves with friends, family, and colleagues who uplift and encourage us, we create a social environment that fosters resilience and promotes a sense of belonging.

By being mindful of our physical and social environments, we can actively shape our surroundings to better support stress recovery. This intentional approach empowers us to create spaces that facilitate relaxation and rejuvenation, ultimately promoting a healthier, more balanced lifestyle.

See Stress as a Challenge

Our mindset plays a significant role in shaping our stress response. By reframing stress as an opportunity for growth and learning, we can alter our perception of stressors and foster a more adaptive response. This shift in mindset can empower us to build resilience and more effectively navigate the challenges of daily life.

In her groundbreaking book, "Mindset: The New Psychology of Success," world-renowned Stanford University psychologist Carol S. Dweck, Ph.D., explores the idea of fixed and growth mindsets. A fixed mindset views abilities and intelligence as innate and unchangeable, while a growth mindset believes that abilities can be developed through dedication and effort. By adopting a growth mindset in the face of stress, we can view challenges as opportunities for personal growth and self-improvement.

When we embrace this perspective, we become more resilient, as we focus on the potential for growth rather than being overwhelmed by stress. This approach empowers us to better handle stressors, ultimately leading to improved mental health, well-being, and overall life satisfaction.

By actively cultivating a growth mindset and applying it to our stress response, we can transform our perception of stressors and unlock our potential for personal growth. In doing so, we create a strong foundation for building resilience and effectively managing the inevitable challenges that life presents.

Recovery is Not Negotiable

Making stress recovery a priority is crucial to avoid burnout and preserve our overall well-being. In today's fast-paced world, it's easy to neglect the importance of taking breaks and stepping back from the constant barrage of stressors. However, failing to address chronic stress can lead to allostatic load – the cumulative wear and tear on our bodies from ongoing stress – and a host of health problems. By treating stress recovery as non-negotiable self-care, we invest in our health and lay the groundwork for a sustainable approach to managing stress.

Chronic stress has been linked to numerous physical and mental health issues, including increased risk of heart disease, obesity, weakened immune system, anxiety, and depression. When stress is persistent and unmanaged, our bodies never get the chance to return to a state of equilibrium, leading to a constant state of "fight or flight" response. This constant activation takes a toll on our health and well-being, ultimately undermining our ability to effectively cope with life's challenges.


In conclusion, stress recovery is essential for our physical and mental health, especially in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. The global pandemic has had a significant impact on stress levels, with high-risk groups experiencing even higher levels of stress. According to a literature review, those with a personal history of serious injury, stress disorder, threatened death, and those with pre-existing conditions are at an increased risk for anxiety, and other symptoms during the pandemic. Additionally, older adults and those with family members affected by COVID-19 may also experience higher levels of stress.

Building blocks for stress recovery, such as psychological detachment, relaxation techniques, exercise, time in nature, and self-care, are crucial in the post-pandemic period. It is important to prioritize rest, start slow, and use coping mechanisms to prevent burnout and manage anxiety.

Online surveys have shown that the pandemic has led to increased substance use and abuse, highlighting the need for treatment options and psychological support for those struggling with substance abuse or other mental health condition. Additionally, social connections and family support can provide a buffer against stress and promote overall well-being.

As we move into the post-pandemic phase, wearing masks and other precautions may still be necessary in some areas. However, by incorporating stress recovery strategies into our day-to-day lives, we can replenish our reservoir of health and energy and better cope with life's challenges. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders recognizes the importance of stress management and includes stress-related disorders as a category of diagnoses.

Overall, stress recovery is crucial for the general population, especially for those who have experienced trauma of the coronavirus disease themselves or a family member. By prioritizing stress recovery and seeking treatment options when needed, we can build resilience and promote well-being in the face of life's challenges.


Are you having challenges recovering from the emotional effects of the pandemic?

Explore your wellness with the Post-Pandemic Recovery Workbook. This workbook is designed by professionals utilizing the best of the clinical literature on self-improvement to assist you in achieving your wellness goals.


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