top of page

What is Imposter Syndrome?

Ink and Acrylic Srawing. Man looking in the mirror. Pale Blue and tan. representing Imposter Syndrome


Imposter syndrome is a psychological phenomenon in which individuals doubt their accomplishments and feel like frauds, despite evidence of their success. It is a common experience among high achievers, particularly in the workplace or academia. Those experiencing impostor syndrome may have an internalized fear of being exposed as a fraud, even when they have achieved significant accomplishments.

From a scientific perspective, impostor syndrome is linked to the functioning of the amygdala, the area of the brain responsible for processing emotions. Studies have shown that individuals with impostor syndrome have increased activity in the amygdala, indicating that the fear of being exposed as a fraud can elicit a strong emotional response.

Psychologically, impostor syndrome has been linked to various negative outcomes, including decreased job satisfaction, lower academic performance, and increased stress and anxiety. It can manifest in different subtypes, including perfectionist impostors, superman/woman impostors, and natural genius impostors. Perfectionist impostors set unrealistic standards for themselves, leading to self-doubt when they are unable to meet them. Superman/woman impostors feel the need to excel in all areas of their life, leading to burnout and a constant fear of failure. Natural genius impostors attribute their accomplishments to innate ability, feeling like a fraud when they encounter difficulties or have to work hard to achieve their goals.

Historically, impostor syndrome was first identified in the 1970s by psychologists Pauline Clance and Suzanne Imes in their study on high-achieving women. However, research has since shown that impostor syndrome affects individuals of all genders and backgrounds.

Real-world examples of impostor syndrome can be seen in various fields, such as academia, business, and the arts. A successful entrepreneur may feel like a fraud when presenting their business plan to investors, despite their extensive experience and qualifications. A talented artist may feel like they don't deserve recognition for their work, even when receiving accolades from their peers. A student may feel like a fraud when receiving a scholarship or admission to a prestigious school, believing that they were not deserving of the honor.

To overcome impostor syndrome, individuals can use various strategies, such as practicing self-reflection, seeking support from others, challenging negative self-talk, setting realistic goals, and embracing learning. By recognizing their strengths and accomplishments, seeking support from others, and challenging negative self-talk, individuals can overcome impostor syndrome and build self-confidence.

In conclusion, impostor syndrome is a common psychological phenomenon that can have negative consequences on mental health and well-being. Understanding the scientific and psychological aspects of impostor syndrome can help individuals develop healthier coping mechanisms and lead a more fulfilling life. By recognizing their strengths and seeking support from others, individuals can overcome impostor syndrome and achieve their full potential.

Take Action: Things you can do today

  1. Practice Self-Reflection: Reflecting on past successes and accomplishments can help individuals recognize their strengths and abilities. Keeping a journal of achievements, skills, and positive feedback can serve as a reminder of one's capabilities and help counteract feelings of self-doubt.

  2. Seek Support: Talking to trusted friends, family, or a mental health professional can provide emotional support, guidance, and encouragement. Seeking feedback and validation from others can help individuals overcome self-doubt and gain a more realistic perspective of their abilities.

  3. Challenge Negative Self-Talk: Negative self-talk, such as "I'm not good enough" or "I don't deserve this," can contribute to impostor syndrome. Challenging negative self-talk with positive affirmations and reframing negative thoughts can help individuals build self-confidence and reduce self-doubt.

  4. Set Realistic Goals: Impostor syndrome can be exacerbated by setting unrealistic goals and expectations. Setting achievable goals and celebrating small successes can help individuals build confidence and a sense of accomplishment.

  5. Embrace Learning: Impostor syndrome can be driven by a fear of failure and a desire to avoid mistakes. Embracing learning and viewing mistakes as opportunities for growth and improvement can help individuals overcome self-doubt and build resilience.

Explore More about Imposter Syndrome

  1. "The Secret Thoughts of Successful Women: Why Capable People Suffer from the Impostor Syndrome and How to Thrive in Spite of It" by Valerie Young - This book explores the various subtypes of impostor syndrome and provides practical strategies for overcoming self-doubt and building self-confidence.

  2. "Presence: Bringing Your Boldest Self to Your Biggest Challenges" by Amy Cuddy - This book offers practical advice for building confidence and overcoming impostor syndrome through body language and personal power.

  3. "The Impostor Syndrome Remedy: A 30-Day Action Plan to Stop Feeling Like a Fraud" by E.V. Estacio - This book provides a 30-day action plan for overcoming impostor syndrome, including self-reflection exercises and practical strategies for building self-confidence.

  4. "The Impostor Cure: How to Stop Feeling Like a Fraud and Escape the Mindset That Limits Your Success" by Jessamy Hibberd and Jo Usmar - This book offers a comprehensive guide to overcoming impostor syndrome, including practical strategies for building self-confidence and reframing negative self-talk.

  5. "You're Not Lost: An Inspired Action Plan for Finding Your Own Way" by Maxie McCoy - This book offers practical advice for overcoming impostor syndrome and finding one's purpose and passion, including exercises for building self-confidence and overcoming self-doubt.


Cartoon Woman Orange hair. Stressed. Advertisment for The Burnout Recovery Module. Slogan "Stress Relief".

Are you having challenges recovering from the emotional effects of the pandemic?

Explore your wellness with the Post-Pandemic Recovery Workbook. This workbook is designed by professionals utilizing the best of the clinical literature on self-improvement to assist you in achieving your wellness goals.


LDG is an affiliate partner. When you purchase through links on our site, a commission is generated. This income helps us in our commitment to provide you with high-quality future services. Thank you for supporting LDG with your purchases.

bottom of page